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Electricity

Barrier index per category and technology

Heating and Cooling

Barrier index per category and technology

Transport

Barrier index per category and technology

Affected Technologies:
Wind power
RES-E onshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Solar power
RES-E PV rooftop
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Hydro power
RES-E small hydro (≤ 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

Even though Austria has adequate feed-in tariffs (FiT) for renewable energy sources (RES), especially for wind and PV, the administrative procedures to obtain the subsidies are often delayed. This causes a delay in the development of the projects. In the Climate and Energy Strategy, which was approved by the Federal Goverment in May 2018, it is stated that these administrative procedures are to be shortened in the future. Additionally, a decrease in the duration has already been remarked by project developers over the last years.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged and addressed
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: ATE02
Category: Administrative processes
Sub-Category: Duration of administrative procedure
Affected Technologies:
Hydro power
RES-E small hydro (≤ 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E large hydro (> 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

The implementation of the EU-water framework is causing some difficulties for the development of hydropower in Austria and specially for revitalising of existing power plants and hydro-power potentials. These difficulties are caused by the conflict between renewable energy and environmental protection which lead to high investment costs for the technical expertise in the approval process as well as highly bureaucratic requirements to fulfil the demanded environmental standards. Consequently, this results in a reduced trust of the investors in the approval processes and to project delays due to the changing framework conditions. Therefore, the bottleneck capacity of hydropower in Austria increased from 12,022 MW in 2007 to 14,150 MW in 2017, which represents an increase in bottleneck of around 17.7% within a decade. In 2017, 211 hydropower plants were in planning stage, while 148 hydro power plants were under construction or had entered into operation operation shortly before. The number of planned and already realised hydropower projects has been increasing annually by about 7.5% since the year 2010.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Not acknowledged
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: ATE04
Category: Administrative processes
Sub-Category: Integration of RES in spatial and environmental planning
Affected Technologies:
Wind power
RES-E onshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Solar power
RES-E PV ground-mounted
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E PV rooftop
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Hydro power
RES-E small hydro (≤ 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E large hydro (> 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Biomass
RES-E gaseous biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E liquid biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E solid biomass (waste)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E solid biomass (forest by-products)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Geothermal energy
RES-E geothermal energy
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

Direct international competition with other states of net grid costs for RE-producers is causing discrimination for domestic RE-electricity producers exceeding the capacity of 5 MW concerning power plant parks, especially in the energy trading market. The reason for this, is the G-component of around € 1.3 per MWh, which has to be paid by the operators of RES-E plants with a capacity >5 MW. Compared to most other Member States, both electricity consumers and producers are paying transmission grid fees. As a result, Austrian electricity producers face a competitive disadvantage due to their higher production costs. This decreases the profitability of RE projects. According to the Austrian regulatory authority E-Control, a new grid fee is supposed to be implemented in 2019. However, no measures have been taken yet.

Component Authority:  E-Control
Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: ATE05
Category: Grid regulation and infrastructure
Sub-Category: Cost of RES grid access
Affected Technologies:
Wind power
RES-E onshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Hydro power
RES-E small hydro (≤ 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E large hydro (> 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Biomass
RES-E solid biomass (forest by-products)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

There is still a lack of legal certainty in some areas regarding the authorisation procedure, as well as a lack of technology knowledge of authorities. Moreover, the interpretation of existing laws varies from one state to another. This problem is also caused by the fact that the responsibility concerning electricity supervision is both exercised on state and federal level which might lead to additional complications. For hydro power, there are differences in every federal state with regard to water and conservation law, which leads to complicated administrative procedures.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Not acknowledged
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: ATE06
Category: Administrative processes
Sub-Category: Complexity of administrative procedure
Affected Technologies:
Wind power
RES-E onshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Solar power
RES-E PV rooftop
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Hydro power
RES-E small hydro (≤ 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Biomass
RES-E gaseous biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E solid biomass (waste)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E solid biomass (forest by-products)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

The development of the German electricity market had a negative effect on the development of renewable energy sources (RES) in the neighbouring states (Austria, Denmark, Netherlands, Czech Republic, Poland). Austria – as it has been stated by the Austrian Minister for Environment – is one of the greatest opponents of a biased European electricity market which is strongly influenced by the enormous amount of cheap electricity foremost produced by German coal plants. Since Austria is obliged to take off the produced cheap electricity, investments into new sources for domestic production of renewables are of increasing dependence on state aid. The situation has changed however, when the German Federal Regulatory Authority decided to split the German-Austrian electricity bidding zone from October 2018. This resulted in a reduction of the market, i.e. fewer market participants, lower liquidity and increased procurement risks for Austrian market participants which subsequently reflected in a price increase in the first few months. For the full year 2019, price differences between Austria and Germany between € 3.3ct and 3.6 per MWh are expected on the basis of contracts concluded on the markets. The redispatch costs have not dropped significantly.

Component Authority:  European Commission
Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged
Policy Recommendation: Impose additional duties on GHG-emissions within the European Union

In order to resolve the dilemma of cheap electricity prices on the electricity stock market and their impact on the investment incentives for RES in the Member States, the European Union should introduce additional financial levies on electricity produced with resources which generate high CO2 emissions. In the first place, this regulation shall set an incentive for Germany to phase out fossil fuels like coal.

Sector(s): Electricity
Code: ATE08
Category: Market structure
Sub-Category: Fair and independent regulation of the RES sector
Affected Technologies:
Solar power
RES-E PV rooftop
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

Since the feed-in tariff (FiT) for PV installations has been cut back remarkably in the past years, plant operators are more and more avoiding grid injection and prefer self-consumption. However, this new situation creates a serious disadvantage for PV installations when it comes to the distribution of the annual budget for the FiT. In Austria, the PV plants eligible for the FiT are the ones with a bottleneck capacity of 5 kWp until 200 kWp. The regulation considers the plant’s capacity when distributing the funds and not the actual amount of electricity fed into the grid. For example, when only 50 percent of the produced electricity is injected, the equivalent value of the plant’s capacity is deducted from the support budget stipulated in the law. Since plant operators tend more and more to self-consumption, a significant part of the funds remain unused. Expressed in numbers, this leads to a loss of approx. € 2-2.5 million annually. However, in 2019, the annual support budget announced in Mid-March only amounted to € 15 million and was already exhausted in May. A differenciation with regard to self-consumption would slightly relieve the fund.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged
Policy Recommendation: Amendment to the Green Electricity Act of 2012

The Green Electricity Act of 2012 could be amended to the extent that the electricity fed into the grid is taken into account when distributing the annual budget for PV-installations. Another solution would be the transformation of the feed-in tariff (and investment funds) scheme into an entire investment funds scheme which already applies for installations < 5 kW.

Sector(s): Electricity
Code: ATE09
Category: Political and economic framework
Sub-Category: Revenue risk under given support scheme
Affected Technologies:
Solar power
RES-E PV rooftop
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

Aside from the technology specific funding pool for PV, projects are also eligible within the general funding pool with a certain amount for the RES technologies, namely wind, small hydro power plants and PV. This budget amounts to € 15 million as of 2019. Due to the applied first-come-first-served principle, PV installations are disadvantaged, since project applications become invalid only after one year compared to other technologies with a three year period.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: ATE10
Category: Political and economic framework
Sub-Category: Remuneration level for RES
Affected Technologies:
Wind power
RES-E onshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Hydro power
RES-E small hydro (≤ 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E large hydro (> 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Biomass
RES-E solid biomass (forest by-products)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

The feed-in tariff period of 13 years for wind power plants is considered insufficient by plant operators. As a solution, certain still well-functioning wind parks had been torn down in order to regain the feed-in tariff (FiT) when the parks have been rebuilt. Although this is accepted as a repowering measure, it would be more appropriate to offer a successive rate in order to exploit the existing plant’s capacity. The existing period for the FiT is also colliding with the depreciation period for wind power plants which is set at 20 years in Austria. In consequence, the plant becomes vulnerable for economic loss which inter alia depends on the geographic location and the company’s structure. The same problem evolves with regards to hydropower plants, the support duration of 13 years is considered rather low. Due to high upfront investment costs, a longer duration would be more supportive, according to the stakeholders. The same problem occurs for Biomass where the duration of the FiT is shorter than the lifetime of the plant, the FiT is limited to full-load hours and the FiT is lower when using waste wood or non-wood biomass. Moreover the commodities’ price changes and inflation rates are not taken into account in the calculation of the FiTs.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Not acknowledged
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: ATE12
Category: Political and economic framework
Sub-Category: Revenue risk under given support scheme
Affected Technologies:
Wind power
RES-E onshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Hydro power
RES-E small hydro (≤ 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E large hydro (> 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

It is considered a contradiction that ever new requirements – depending on the federal state – are added to the environmental impact assessment (EIA) necessary for wind parks and hydropower plants in spite of the ever more sophisticated technology. As a result, the procedures have become longer and costlier although standardisation of procedures was expected. This is a consequence of the existing legal loopholes in statutory provisions left by the legislator. Opponents of wind power plants make use of all formal legal levels to inhibit the realisation of a project. Especially the fact that opponents might jeopardise the project leads to high uncertainties among project planners. This is only possible since preclusion is not obligatory anymore (ECJ, Judgement of 15 October 2015, C‑137/14). For example, in Lower Austria, Enercon had to develop unique fire protection techniques as a result of legal dispute which are not required in other federal states. In 2018, the Austrian Government decided on a Territorial Development Act ("Standortentwicklungsgesetz", 67/ME XXVI. GP, 2018) which regulates that the first EIA needs to decide within six months if the construction is feasible in general terms. Within another six months, the final approval or refusal needs to be provided. The Government also tried to include an automatic acceptance of the EIA for large-scale construction projects after one year. Due to resistance from environmentalists, lawyers and some states, however, this mechanism could not be included. Furthermore, the Government agreed on an amendment to the Environmental Impact Assessment Act ("UVP-Novelle", UVP-G, 275 d.B., 2018) aiming at speeding up the administrative process and limiting possibilites for environmental associations to participate.

Component Authority:  Municipal Administration
Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Not acknowledged
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: ATE14
Category: Administrative processes
Sub-Category: Integration of RES in spatial and environmental planning
Affected Technologies:
Wind power
RES-E onshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

In line with the Habitat Directive (Council Directive 92/43/EEC of 21 May 1992), ever more pressure is exerted on wind power plant operators by respective NGOs. Especially in the field of ornithology, the professionalisation of NGOs in the framework of litigations continues to grow. In this respect, the project planner is often in a grey zone, since he has to examine facts which cannot be proven. For example, only the ratio of mortality to population makes it possible to assess hypothetic threats to species. Expensive (telemetry) studies prove to be meaningless afterwards. Often the principle of caution has the dominant role which culminates in a political but not a scientific debate. The financial background and thus the motivation of the plaintiff is often unknown.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Not acknowledged
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: ATE15
Category: Administrative processes
Sub-Category: Integration of RES in spatial and environmental planning
Affected Technologies:
Wind power
RES-E onshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Solar power
RES-E PV ground-mounted
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E PV rooftop
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Hydro power
RES-E small hydro (≤ 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E large hydro (> 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Biomass
RES-E gaseous biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E liquid biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E solid biomass (waste)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E solid biomass (forest by-products)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Geothermal energy
RES-E geothermal energy
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

The promotion of renewable energy sources (RES) is constantly being discussed in public. Every electricity consumer pays the

Green electricity Fee ("Ökostrompauschale") and the and green electricity support contribution ("Ökostromförderbeitrag"). As of 2019, an average household pays around € 28 per year of Green Electricity Fee and approx. € 47 per year for green electricity support contribution in case of an annual consumption of 3,500 kWh or higher. Due to rising criticism of the financial burden of the energy transition, the Austrian Government decided to exempt low-income households to 100% from the green electricity contribution, which reduces the burden on around 300,000 households. While the financial costs of the energy transition is constantly present in public debate, it is scarcely known to what extent environmentally damaging technologies such as coal and nuclear power are subsidised. The topic came a bit more in the focus of the public debate with the presentation of the tax reform in April 2019. Many environmental associations protested against the continued financial support of environmentally damaging technologies such as diesel or the aircraft industry. The estimated amount of environmentally damaging subsidies is approximately € 3.8 - 4.7 billion. In 2014, subsidies for fossil energy was four times higher than subsidies for renewable energy.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: ATE17
Category: Other
Sub-Category: Public perception of RES
Affected Technologies:
Wind power
RES-E onshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Solar power
RES-E PV ground-mounted
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E PV rooftop
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Hydro power
RES-E small hydro (≤ 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E large hydro (> 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Biomass
RES-E gaseous biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E liquid biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E solid biomass (waste)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E solid biomass (forest by-products)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Geothermal energy
RES-E geothermal energy
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

The standing of renewable energy and energy efficiency is not very good in Austrian politics at the moment. Since the Austrian electricity sector is led by renewable energy sources (RES; share of 72.2% by the end of 2017), there are no incentives for politicians to address the subject. Austria has reached its medium-term objectives concerning renewables easily and fast – as a result, the long-term goals seem to be disregarded at the moment. In consequence, solutions for successive rates, grid development and other fair regulations in order to become independent as a plant operator are missing. Still, the target of 100% electricity generated from RES as stated in the Austrian Climate and Energy Strategy, adopted by the Federal Government in May 2018, shows a general commitment to the target. Even though some measures such as the extension of biomass support ("Biomasseförderungs-Grundsatzgesetz",122/ME, 2019) or the removal of the self-consumption tax ("Steuerreform", 2019) in the first quarter of 2019 point in the right direction, further measures are still due. At the end of 2019, the new Renewable Energy Development Act ("Erneuerbaren Ausbau Gesetz") defining measures to achieve the long-term goals is expected.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged and addressed
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: ATE18
Category: Political and economic framework
Sub-Category: Existence of general RES strategy
Affected Technologies:
Wind power
RES-E onshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

In Lower Austria and Burgenland, the so-called eligibility spaces for wind power plants ("Windeignungsflächen") have been declared in order to avoid conflicting uses for the future. However, only 1.5% of the land area of Lower Austria are from now on eligible for the installation of wind power plants. Also in Styria eligibility spaces only allow an installation of 600 MW. There is a high chance that the eligibility spaces are already depleted with regard to the long waiting queues for new plants and wind parks. Due to the professionalisation of opposing NGOs as well as the stricter conditions of the environmental impact assessment (EIA), change of spatial planning in favour of new wind power plants is not expected in the near future.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: ATE24
Category: Administrative processes
Sub-Category: Integration of RES in spatial and environmental planning
Affected Technologies:
Wind power
RES-E onshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Solar power
RES-E PV ground-mounted
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Hydro power
RES-E small hydro (≤ 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E large hydro (> 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Biomass
RES-E gaseous biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E liquid biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E solid biomass (waste)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E solid biomass (forest by-products)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

Following the environmental state aid guidelines of the European Commission, Member States shall implement the auctioning model for the distribution of subsidies for renewable energy sources (RES) as of 2017. Theoretically, the implementation of an auctioning model in Austria would be feasible, especially with regard to the fact that there are enough projects in the pipeline waiting for the feed-in tariff (FiT) at the moment. However, an asymmetry of information between project planners and academic findings has been detected. Some Austrian lobby groups press the Austrian Federal Government not to change the existing FiT scheme which applies for almost all RES producing electricity. They argue that an auctioning system would lead to new risks and uncertainties, since the market based model focuses on the price and neglects other important criteria (e.g. site selection and the differing costs of authorisation procedures). Others call for technology-specific auctions instead of technologic-neutral auctions. As of May 2019, the Government is working on a new Renewable Development Act, which might introduce the auctioning model from 2020 on.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: ATE25
Category: Political and economic framework
Sub-Category: Existence of RES support scheme
Affected Technologies:
Wind power
RES-E onshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Solar power
RES-E PV ground-mounted
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E PV rooftop
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Hydro power
RES-E small hydro (≤ 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Biomass
RES-E gaseous biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E liquid biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E solid biomass (waste)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E solid biomass (forest by-products)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

Since the eligibility for the feed-in tariff (FiT) is linked to a fixed promotion quota (annual support cap) and the demand for new projects producing electricity from renewable energy sources (RES-E) is high, the number of applicants constantly surpasses the available licenses which results in a long queue due to a first come first served principle. The situation has been aggravated since 2015 as a result of the shrinking electricity prices. In consequence, the waiting queue reaches until 2021- 2025 (in case of wind power projects) which might lead to the annulment of a project. The problem arises due to the fact that applications become invalid after three years (for PV after one year – concerning the general promotion fund). As a result, applicants would have to go through the entire authorisation process again in order to get the FiT which is neither acceptable nor economically feasible. The aforementioned circumstances reduce the trust in the renewable energy market for companies and people who want to invest in renewable energies. Also, often banks do not provide a loan unless the FiT is obtained. Due to the Austrian Climate and Energy Strategy, adopted by the Federal Government in May 2018, and its implicit target of 100% electricity generated from RES by 2030, the issue is acknowledged and likely to be addressed in the future.

 

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: ATE27
Category: Political and economic framework
Sub-Category: Revenue risk under given support scheme
Affected Technologies:
Solar power
RES-E PV rooftop
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

According to certain regional distribution system operators (DSOs), the installation of a voltage monitor for PV installations exceeding 5 kW of installed capacity is necessary. However, opinions about this differ significantly, since other DSOs as well as almost all system installers consider them unnecessary. It constitutes an additional financial burden of approx. € 600-700 per installation plus related installation costs for the operator. Furthermore, only 1.6% of the overall injected electricity are from PV systems in Austria, which is – compared to Germany (6%) – very low and therefore it should be feasible without voltage monitoring. However, a more serious concern with the voltage monitor exists; it might restrain the injection of electricity into the grid in case the voltage is technically too high. This can neither be controlled by the plant operator nor by the DSO. There were some cases recently when the voltage monitor operated day and night and jeopardised the functioning and therefore the financial feasibility of the PV system. Nevertheless, financial institutes do not consider this problem when assessing risks.

Component Authority:  E-Control
Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Not acknowledged
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: ATE29
Category: Grid regulation and infrastructure
Sub-Category: Cost of RES grid access
Affected Technologies:
Solar power
RES-E PV rooftop
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Hydro power
RES-E small hydro (≤ 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

Net and market regulations prevent the use of renewable energy directly in building blocks if they are on different estates and need to use the public grid. Due to the significantly lower feed-in tariff (FiT) for PV plants, plant operators rather tend to self-consumption than full grid injection. However, net and market regulations prevent the distribution of PV electricity within a district across various buildings and blocks. The cooperative production and consumption within apartment blocks is possible, however. This marks a step in the direction towards renewable district systems with production and consumption in geographical proximity across properties.

The aforementioned lack of cross-property electricity trade has been hindering projects' implementation, especially in the commercial sector, due to inadequate economic viability.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: ATE30
Category: Market structure
Sub-Category: Fair and independent regulation of the RES sector
Affected Technologies:
Solar power
RES-E PV ground-mounted
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E PV rooftop
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

The calculation for the feed-in capacity of the net is not coordinated with the actual consumption at the feed-in point. This means that sometimes grid operators demand for grid enforcement with a higher capacity than necessary. In consequence, the plant operator is confronted with an unnecessary high financial burden. Furthermore, distribution system operators (DSOs) can decide to implement renewable energy sources (RES) curtailment if the grid is overloaded. This generally only applies for PV systems larger than 5 kW. If RES curtailment is imposed, prosumers cannot use their PV systems – neither for self-consumption nor to feed electricity into the grid. As this may happen without prior notice, this might impede the efficient use of PV systems by prosumers. Prosumers are not eligible to receive any reimbursement for the economic losses.

Component Authority:  E-Control
Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Not acknowledged
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: ATE33
Category: Grid regulation and infrastructure
Sub-Category: Predictability / transparency of connection procedure
Affected Technologies:
Solar power
RES-E PV ground-mounted
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

Rooftop PV plants from 5 kW up to 200 kW are eligible for the feed-in tariff (FiT) as well as investment grants. However, ground-mounted PV systems are excluded from the FiT scheme. In spite of that, ground-mounted PV systems are entitled to receive an investment support from Abwicklungsstelle für Ökostrom AG (OeMAG) up to the maximum capacity of 500 kW. Furthermore, installations up to 500 kW of ground-mounted PV can receive support amounting to € 250 per kW from the Climate and Energy Fund (KLIEN).

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: ATE37
Category: Political and economic framework
Sub-Category: Access to finance
Affected Technologies:
Wind power
RES-E onshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Solar power
RES-E PV rooftop
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

Grid accessibility for PV systems with high capacity (in case of Austria this is over 5 kW) can be denied by the grid operator in special cases. Furthermore, certain distribution system operators (DSOs) might also demand for grid extension and the installation of a transformer. The same can apply to wind power stations. The issue, however, is considered by experts as manageable and less relevant.

Component Authority:  E-Control
Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Not acknowledged
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: ATE42
Category: Grid regulation and infrastructure
Sub-Category: Predictability / transparency of connection procedure
Affected Technologies:
Wind power
RES-E onshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Solar power
RES-E PV ground-mounted
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E PV rooftop
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Hydro power
RES-E small hydro (≤ 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Biomass
RES-E gaseous biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E solid biomass (waste)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E solid biomass (forest by-products)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

The feed-in tariff (FiT), which has been reduced remarkably in the past, currently amounts to €ct 7.67 per kWh for PV, €ct 8.12 per kWh for wind, €ct 7.22 per kWh for geothermal energy, €ct 4.66-21.56 per kWh biomass depending on the materials used (as of 2019). However, this is not considered sufficient for economic operation if the electricity has to be injected. The subscription price for electricity, paid by the end costumer to the Electricity Trader, is approx. €ct 13-23 per kWh. Nevertheless, as a result of falling costs for renewable energy systems, the projects are becoming more attractive.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: ATE43
Category: Political and economic framework
Sub-Category: Remuneration level for RES
Affected Technologies:
Wind power
RES-E onshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Solar power
RES-E PV ground-mounted
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E PV rooftop
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Hydro power
RES-E small hydro (≤ 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

Plant operators are confronted with unnecessary long administrative procedures to get all the allowances. For example, if a PV system is installed on a commercial object, it becomes subject to a Commercial Property Approval Procedure, which is implemented by the regional authority for commercial issues. The issue has become more complicated between 2014 and 2018. In only one federal state (Upper Austria) this approval procedure is implemented by the same authority as the one issuing electricity permits. If the plant operator decides to use the electricity himself, additional requirements like safety measures become obligatory which are not directly linked to the power generation. Therefore, the additional burden is not believed to be justified.

In the wind energy sector, bureaucratic procedures have not been standardised in the past as it could have been expected. On the contrary, administrative procedures seem to have worsened due to spatial planning issues as well as the increasing importance of opposing NGOs.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged and addressed
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: ATE45
Category: Administrative processes
Sub-Category: Duration of administrative procedure
Affected Technologies:
Wind power
RES-E onshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Solar power
RES-E PV ground-mounted
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E PV rooftop
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Hydro power
RES-E small hydro (≤ 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E large hydro (> 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Biomass
RES-E gaseous biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E liquid biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E solid biomass (waste)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E solid biomass (forest by-products)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Geothermal energy
RES-E geothermal energy
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

The development of new grid structures takes too long. Especially concerning the high-voltage and medium-voltage network, the development is not as fast as it is supposed to be with regard to the rising demand for a decentralised grid infrastructure. As a consequence, several plants do not have access to a power purchase agreement leading to project delay. This also triggers the so-called domino effect, since plant operators cannot apply for the feed-in tariff (FiT) without a PPA. The lack of grid capacity is a prevalent problem throughout Europe which aggravates the north-south connectivity. Emergency measures to balance the grid led to a financial loss of € 202 million for Austria in 2016. The problem is also caused by missing grid and balancing capacities in Germany.

Component Authority:  E-Control
Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: ATE46
Category: Grid regulation and infrastructure
Sub-Category: Transparent and foreseeable grid development
Affected Technologies:
Wind power
RES-E onshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Solar power
RES-E PV rooftop
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

So far, pump storage has been considered as the most efficient solution to store energy in Austria. However, further storage capacities for PV and wind energy surpluses should be built up parallelly in the near future to prevent potential grid problems. Storage technologies are a central topic in the Austrian Climate and Energy Strategy presented in June 2018. So far a technology roadmap, called "Energy storage systems in and from Austria" defining measures which should promote energy storage has been set up. Furthermore, a new subsidy round on the purchase of battery storage units has started in March 2019 with a contribution of € 500 per installed KWh storage capacity. The funding pot is endowed with € 6 million.

Component Authority:  E-Control
Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged and addressed
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: ATE48
Category: Grid regulation and infrastructure
Sub-Category: Lack of infrastructure and infrastructure development
Affected Technologies:
Wind power
RES-E onshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Solar power
RES-E PV ground-mounted
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E PV rooftop
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Hydro power
RES-E small hydro (≤ 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

Grid development procedures are very complex and differ from state to state, e.g. different limits for noise and electromagnetic emission or a lack of a standardised public participation processes. Those factors delay the approval procedures. Therefore, grid operators call for a standardised implementation of the principle "Grid optimisation before grid extension" and a simplified procedure for the upgrade of existing transmission lines. In its #mission2030, launched in 2018, the Government sets the goal of implementing an overall Austrian grid development plan in cooperation with the states and municipalitites. In this context, the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) procedure relevant for grid development was simplified in 2018 by the Territorial Development Act ("Standortentwicklungsgesetz", 67/ME XXVI. GP, 2018), which standardised the procedure for the EIAs for large-scale infrastructural projects and limits its duration to one year.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged
Policy Recommendation: Harmonisation of regional restrictions

Legal emission limits shall be harmonised on a regional level. Also the principle "upgrade before expansion" shall be adopted with regard to grid development. Existing transmission lines shall be protected and respected in planning processes.

Sector(s): Electricity
Code: ATE50
Category: Grid regulation and infrastructure
Sub-Category: Lack of infrastructure and infrastructure development
Affected Technologies:
Hydro power
RES-E small hydro (≤ 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E large hydro (> 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

Although the general acceptance towards renewable energy sources (RES) has been increasing over the last years, there is still an issue of local resistance towards the development of RES projects. This is especially the case for hydro power and onshore wind plants, where a Green vs. Green conflict arises between promoters of renewable energies and groups protecting water ecosystems or birds.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: ATE51
Category: Other
Sub-Category: Public perception of RES
Affected Technologies:
Solar power
RES-E PV ground-mounted
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E PV rooftop
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

In the additional investment support from the Amendment for the renewable electricity support in July 2017, a relatively high ratio between PV capacity and storage capacity was chosen (1:10). As this is only a support for fixed investment costs, there is no incentive for innovative business models supporting grid development, dispatch, curve-shaving etc. A dynamic variable needs to be added to make this support more flexible and cost-efficient for the transformation of the overall energy system.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Not acknowledged
Policy Recommendation: Early depreciation instead of investment supports

The support of investments focuses too much on the upfront costs of RES and storage installations. If early depreciations would be made possible as well as additional tax incentives, more robust business models could develop, which focus more on variable costs and services.

Sector(s): Electricity
Code: ATE52
Category: Market structure
Sub-Category: Existence of functioning and non-discriminatory short term markets for RES
Affected Technologies:
Solar power
RES-E PV rooftop
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

As both metering charges as well as grid fees depend on the local distribution system operator (DSO), there is a lack of competition in the operation of community PV systems. The high costs for both the metering and the billing is lowering the profitability of the projects.

Component Authority:  E-Control
Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Not acknowledged
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: ATE53
Category: Grid regulation and infrastructure
Sub-Category: RES grid access regime
Affected Technologies:
Solar power
RES-E PV rooftop
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Hydro power
RES-E small hydro (≤ 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Biomass
RES-E gaseous biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E liquid biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E solid biomass (waste)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E solid biomass (forest by-products)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

Depending on the network voltage level (1-7) of the grid connection point, a "green electricity fee" ("Ökostrompauschale") applies to every electricity consumer. The fee is one of the two financing pillars for the green electricity subsidy system and consists of an annual fixed amount per metering point. The fee amounts to € 28.38 per year for households, as of 2019. Since 2012, social welfare and pension recipients as well as students and long-term care recipients can be exempted from paying the green electricity fee. Even if the electricity is generated and consumed locally, these fees apply and thus limit self-consumption from RES.

Component Authority:  E-Control
Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Not acknowledged
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: ATE54
Category: Market structure
Sub-Category: Existence of functioning and non-discriminatory short term markets for RES
Affected Technologies:
Hydro power
RES-E small hydro (≤ 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

Contrary to the support of PV in multi-household apartments, hydro power cannot be bundled among many customers in geographic proximity to the power plant. The possibility to prosume in groups would further support small hydro power stations. The establishment of a private grid for local consumption is prohibited, so there is no alternative/option for multi-party prosuming.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Not acknowledged
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: ATE55
Category: Political and economic framework
Sub-Category: Existence of RES support scheme
Affected Technologies:
Solar power
RES-E PV rooftop
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

The amount of the feed-in tariff (FiT) as well as the investment support is adjusted on an annual basis. Consequently, there is no incentive to realise projects a few months earlier. To increase the activity on the market, the degression needs to be split into smaller steps.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Not acknowledged
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: ATE57
Category: Political and economic framework
Sub-Category: Remuneration level for RES
Affected Technologies:
Wind power
RES-E onshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Hydro power
RES-E small hydro (≤ 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E large hydro (> 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

Although there are some frontrunner states in terms of renewable energy deployment, like Burgenland, Lower Austria and Styria, there is no knowledge transfer between local public authorities. As the Burgenland has already achieved 100% renewable electricity, mainly from wind power, experiences could be drawn from here. Unfortunately, there is a lack of cooperation between federal actors.

Component Authority:  State Governments
Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Not acknowledged
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: ATE59
Category: Political and economic framework
Sub-Category: Reliability of general RES strategy
Affected Technologies:
Wind power
RES-E onshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Solar power
RES-E PV ground-mounted
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E PV rooftop
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Hydro power
RES-E small hydro (≤ 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Solarthermal energy
RES-HC solarthermal energy
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Biomass
RES-HC gaseous biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-HC liquid biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-HC solid biomass (waste)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-HC solid biomass (forest by-products)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

As of 2019, the Abwicklungsstelle für Ökostromprodukte AG (OeMAG) is the only clearing office for electricity generated from RES. The generated electricity is allocated to each electric balancing group. A market premium however, would be beneficial for the budget of OeMAG and also exploit market effects. A lack of direct marketing is also considered as a barrier for a wider deployment of RES.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: ATE60
Category: Political and economic framework
Sub-Category: Existence of RES support scheme
Affected Technologies:
Biomass
RES-E gaseous biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E solid biomass (forest by-products)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-HC gaseous biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-HC solid biomass (forest by-products)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

From the plant operator’s point of view, the feed-in tariff (FiT) does not enable economical operation in the long-run. This applies even to a greater extent when it comes to the successive rate. Biogas plants become eligible for the successive rate once the subsidy period for the FiT expires. Some Austrian biogas plants had already been closed down in 2016 before the latest amendmend to the Green Electricity Act 2012 ("Ökostromgesetz 2012", 1223 d.B.,XXIV. GP/2012), called "Kleine Ökostromnovelle" (288/ME/ 2017) from July 2017. This amendmend introduced three-year successor tariffs for more efficient biogas plants providing a total budget of € 11.7 million annually for each of the next five years. Considering the precarious situation of the biogas sector in the last years and the long experienced political uncertainty of the deficient plants, new investments in the sector are not likely to materialise soon.

A similar situation can be observed in the biomass sector where the difficult extension of FiT led to high uncertainty. In 2019, the Austrian Government tried to amend the Green Electricity Act providing for successive rates for biomass plants. However, the amendmend could not reach the neccessary two-third majority in the Federal Council due to the Social Democratic Party's refusal. Therefore, the Government passed the Biomass Principle Law ("Biomasseförderungs-Grundsatzgesetz", 122/ME, 2019) in the Council of Ministers, which does not require a two-third majority, despite strong criticism. It provides support amounting to € 140-150 million for three years and saves 47 biomass plants. This law, however, legally represents a new law and not an amendmend which requires nine further implementing laws as well as the confirmation of the European Commission. Thus, some delay is to be expected.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged and addressed
Sector(s): Heating and Cooling
Code: ATEHC01
Category: Political and economic framework
Sub-Category: Revenue risk under given support scheme
Affected Technologies:
Biomass
RES-E gaseous biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E solid biomass (waste)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-HC gaseous biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-HC solid biomass (waste)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

It is difficult to direct biogenic materials, especially food waste, to biogas plants because those are often only fed into the existing recycling chain without being further processed for the use in biogas plants. Therefore, substrates (i.e. raw material for energetic use in biogas plants) which are economically exploitable are utilised for other purposes but not for fermentation in biogas plants. This means that the given potential for the use of waste in biogas plants remains unexploited. In contrast, in technically less developed countries, food waste is disposed together with the household waste and economic utilisation in biogas plants is not possible at all.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Not acknowledged
Sector(s): Heating and Cooling
Code: ATEHC03
Category: Other
Sub-Category: Sustainability criteria for biomass
Affected Technologies:
Biomass
RES-E gaseous biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E solid biomass (forest by-products)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-HC gaseous biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-HC solid biomass (forest by-products)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

Most of the Austrian biogas plants are not situated in the area of the natural gas grid making so that grid extensions will be inevitable in the near future. Since the natural gas tax ("Erdgas-Abgabe") amounting to € 0.066 per m3 also applies to biomethane, it already means a financial burden to the plant operators. Therefore, the grid extensions might require additional financial support from the Government in the future.

Component Authority:  E-Control
Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Not acknowledged
Sector(s): Heating and Cooling
Code: ATEHC04
Category: Grid regulation and infrastructure
Sub-Category: Cost of RES grid access
Affected Technologies:
Solarthermal energy
RES-HC solarthermal energy
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

The industry has often a high demand of heat in their production units. In mid-term temperature production units (e.g. chemical industry), the use of solar thermal production facilities could be a solution to raise RE and to reduce the energy costs in long-term horizon. Some new developments in the field of solar thermal energy have been reached in the last few years to support also major volumes of heat demand units. The Climate and Energy Fund (KLIEN) supports large solar thermal installations with a budget of € 2.6 million with an application period ending in February 2020. One of the five supported fields is solar process heat in production plants. Austria is among the world leaders concerning the deployment of solar thermal energy with regard to the ratio of installed capacity per capita.

 

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Not acknowledged
Sector(s): Heating and Cooling
Code: ATEHC13
Category: Political and economic framework
Sub-Category: Existence of general RES strategy
Affected Technologies:
Solar power
RES-E PV rooftop
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Geothermal energy
RES-HC shallow geothermal (heat pumps)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Solarthermal energy
RES-HC solarthermal energy
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Biomass
RES-HC solid biomass (forest by-products)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

Due to high investment costs and low costs in operation, renewable systems are rather unattractive for private households. Long-term costs are very high but hardly calculated by private consumers. Several support schemes addressing this issue have been implemented, such as the solarthermal investment support of € 700 or the PV investment support of € 250 per MW for rooftop-PV and € 350 per MW for building-integrated PV, both issued by the Climate and Energy Fund (KLIEN). However, despite the existing support schemes, investment costs upfront might still be considered as being to too high.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged and addressed
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: ATEHC23
Category: Market structure
Sub-Category: Existence of functioning and non-discriminatory short term markets for RES
Affected Technologies:
Biomass
RES-E solid biomass (forest by-products)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-HC gaseous biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-HC liquid biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-HC solid biomass (waste)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-HC solid biomass (forest by-products)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

Actors from the paper and cellulose industry make demands on an amendment to the Green Electricity Act in order to reduce the energetic use of biomass. The consequence of this partly subjectively conducted conflict is a negative public perception of biomass as an energetic source. There is still huge potential in highly efficient working CHP plants on the basis of biomass, especially for wood-processing companies. The current debate on biomass is clearly shaped by the self-interests of the industry which calls for a legally binding obligation for the cascading use of wood and a cut of incentives for the energetic use of wood which could be used for the production of goods. The Austrian Biomass Association, however, argues that already 80% of the wood harvested and imported in Austria is processed into wood and paper products. Only when those products are no longer in service they get burnt for energetic use. Only 20% are turned into energy directly as firewood and wood chips. In 2019, the conflict became visible again when the Paper Industry strongly criticised the continuation of biomass subsidies ("Biomasseförderungs-Grundsatzgesetz", 122/ME/2019).

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged
Sector(s): Heating and Cooling
Code: ATEHC28
Category: Other
Sub-Category: Public perception of RES
Affected Technologies:
Wind power
RES-E onshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Solar power
RES-E PV rooftop
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Biomass
RES-E gaseous biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E solid biomass (waste)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E solid biomass (forest by-products)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-HC gaseous biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-HC solid biomass (waste)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-HC solid biomass (forest by-products)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

In some cases, it might happen that the application for a power purchase agreeement (PPA) is rejected. This happens, inter alia, especially when the important grid infrastructure is missing or is developed too slowly, which can lead to too long waiting times. Moreover, if a planned plant is rejected for the PPA, it cannot apply for a feed-in tariff (FiT) either.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged
Sector(s): Heating and Cooling
Code: ATEHC50
Category: Market structure
Sub-Category: Availability of reliable long term contracts (PPA)
Affected Technologies:
Wind power
RES-E onshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Solar power
RES-E PV ground-mounted
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E PV rooftop
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

Plenty of different assessments are needed to build, for example, a PV plant, i.e. building law, nature conservation or net accessibility. Especially, the issue of licences of trade control has become more complicated between 2016-2018. Concerning wind power, administrative procedures are becoming more difficult due to the resistance of opposing stakeholders. According to the Climate and Energy Strategy, which was approved by the Federal Goverment in May 2018, this process is to be simplified.

The Government addressed this issue, for instance, in November 2018 by passing the Territorial Development Act ("Standortentwicklungsgesetz", 67/ME XXVI. GP, 2018) which regulates that the first Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) needs to decide within six months if the construction is feasible in general terms. Within another six months, the final approval or refusal needs to be provided. Furthermore, some regional measures simplifying administrative procedure have been taken such as the abolition of the compulsory construction permit for a PV installation up to 200 kWp in Lower Austria from 1 September 2018.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: ATEHC51
Category: Administrative processes
Sub-Category: Complexity of administrative procedure
Affected Technologies:
Biomass
RES-HC solid biomass (forest by-products)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

In Austria, there are still over 700,000 oil-fired heating systems in operation as of 2018. In its Climate and Energy Strategy (2018), the Federal Government has already addressed the issue, by banning oil-fired heating systems in all new buildings from 2020 onwards. In 2019, the Government launched the support called "exit oil"-bonus ("Raus-aus-dem-Öl-Bonus") in the residential sector promoting the exchange of a fossil heating system against a climate-friendly heat pump, wood central heating or a local, respectively district heating connection with up to € 5,000. The region Lower Austria will provide € 3,000 of support in addition to the € 5,000 received from the Federal Government for all new heatings systems installed in 2019.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged and addressed
Sector(s): Heating and Cooling
Code: ATHC01
Category: Political and economic framework
Sub-Category: Existence of general RES strategy
Affected Technologies:
Biomass
RES-HC gaseous biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-HC liquid biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-HC solid biomass (waste)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-HC solid biomass (forest by-products)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

Only the electrification of biomethane is supported, which is incorporated by law (Green Electricity Act). The idea behind this was that there are only small producers who do not have the capacities to feed the biomethane into the gas grid. However, according to experts, it is urgently demanded to change the law in order to support the gasification of biomass which is considered more efficient.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Not acknowledged
Sector(s): Heating and Cooling
Code: ATHC02
Category: Political and economic framework
Sub-Category: Existence of general RES strategy
Affected Technologies:
Solar power
RES-E PV rooftop
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Solarthermal energy
RES-HC solarthermal energy
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

A nationwide commitment to use solar thermal energy as a secondary heating system is still required. The reason is that in the summer season the conventional energy system is used only to produce warm water and this is highly inefficient. In this case, the installation of solar energy systems represents a good alternative for more energy efficiency and for a reduction of energy costs.

However, the Federal State as well as the states offer investment grants and other incentives in order to foster the deployment of solar thermal installations. The Climate and Energy Fund (KLIEN), for instance, supports large solar thermal installations with a budget of € 2.6 million with an application period ending in February 2020.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged
Sector(s): Heating and Cooling
Code: ATHC10
Category: Political and economic framework
Sub-Category: Existence of general RES strategy
Affected Technologies:
Geothermal energy
RES-HC deep geothermal
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-HC shallow geothermal (heat pumps)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Solarthermal energy
RES-HC solarthermal energy
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Biomass
RES-HC gaseous biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-HC liquid biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-HC solid biomass (waste)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-HC solid biomass (forest by-products)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

It is often underestimated that the quality of installing renewable energy systems producing heat (RES-H) depends on clear guidelines. Some states in Austria have developed own planning guidelines, some have not. The Federal State is trying to harmonise these guidelines with own regulations (so-called 15a B-VG arrangements – agreements between the states and the Federal State) with some success.

Component Authority:  Federal Government
Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged and addressed
Sector(s): Heating and Cooling
Code: ATHC11
Category: Administrative processes
Sub-Category: Complexity of administrative procedure
Affected Technologies:
Solar power
RES-E PV rooftop
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Solarthermal energy
RES-HC solarthermal energy
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

The non-ETS sector, especially in the industry or for companies, is often confronted with high energy costs and high CO2 emissions. Financial incentives to use the often unused roof areas of the companies or areas not directly connected to the production site could be efficiently used to produce renewable energy for their own demand or by feeding district heating systems. Compared to the years before 2010, there has been an upwards trend in 2010-2015. However, in the years 2015-2018, mineral oil prices fell and therefore the incentives were lower to invest into solar thermal energy. In 2019, the Austrian Federal Government decided to abolish the the so-called self-consumption tax (“Eigenstromsteuer“) on PV systems expected to enter into force in January 2020. The self-consumption tax, introduced in 2014, of €ct1.5 per KWh had applied to all self-consumed and self-generated green electricity from PV above 25,000 KWh per year. This was at the expense of larger or commercially used photovoltaic systems, which so far hardly invested in the expansion of renewable energies on Austria's commercial roofs.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged and addressed
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: ATHC12
Category: Political and economic framework
Sub-Category: Existence of RES support scheme
Affected Technologies:
Solarthermal energy
RES-HC solarthermal energy
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Biomass
RES-HC solid biomass (forest by-products)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

The dominance of conventional retailers is further stressed by the low exchange prices for electricity, which lead to the construction of large power plants exclusively used for district heating in bigger urban agglomerations. The consequence is a keen competition between conventional and renewable energy. On the other hand, further incentives for the use of conventional energy sources for heating were created by the existence of a nongovernmental support scheme for oil-heating ("Förderaktion Ölheizungen") financed by the petrol industry. From 2012 to 2016, over € 61 million were awarded to interested parties. In October 2018, the oil-industry announced that the support scheme will not be renewed after the end of 2019. The implementation of such support mechanisms has an inherent potential against the efforts to further develop renewable energies in the heating & cooling sector (RES-H&C). Furthermore, the cheap mineral oil price has led to the postponement of many investment projects. However, in April 2018 the Government presented its Climate and Energy Strategy, which bans the installation of oil-fired heating systems in new buildings from 2020 onwards. Some states like Lower Austria were banning these systems even earlier, i.e. from 2019. From 2025 on, a refurbishment process of old fossil installations will be started.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged and addressed
Sector(s): Heating and Cooling
Code: ATHC18
Category: Market structure
Sub-Category: Dominance of conventional retailers
Affected Technologies:
Geothermal energy
RES-HC deep geothermal
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Biomass
RES-HC gaseous biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-HC liquid biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-HC solid biomass (waste)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-HC solid biomass (forest by-products)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

District heating networks are less needed as more buildings are refurbished and fewer heat energy is used in general. Therefore, district heating systems are not operated in a cost-efficient way anymore, since heating does not have to be provided to that extent as expected earlier.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Not acknowledged
Sector(s): Heating and Cooling
Code: ATHC21
Category: Grid regulation and infrastructure
Sub-Category: District heating networks
Affected Technologies:
Geothermal energy
RES-HC deep geothermal
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-HC shallow geothermal (heat pumps)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Solarthermal energy
RES-HC solarthermal energy
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Biomass
RES-HC gaseous biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-HC liquid biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-HC solid biomass (waste)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-HC solid biomass (forest by-products)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

Contrary to the efforts to unbundle the retail and grid operation of local energy companies, each federal state still has a powerful energy retailer. Especially with regard to heating systems this makes the inclusion of small entities feeding in renewable heat into the grid very complicated.

Component Authority:  E-Control
Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Not acknowledged
Sector(s): Heating and Cooling
Code: ATHC22
Category: Market structure
Sub-Category: Dominance of conventional retailers
Affected Technologies:
Biofuels
RES-T gaseous biofuels (bio-CNG)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-T liquid biofuels (bio-LNG)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Biomass
RES-HC gaseous biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-HC solid biomass (forest by-products)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

According to the European Biogas Association (EBA), the future of biogas deployment clearly lies in the production of biomethane. Current biogas policies still focus more on the electricity generation than on the heating and cooling or transport sector.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged
Sector(s): Transport
Code: ATHCT01
Category: Political and economic framework
Sub-Category: Existence of general RES strategy
Affected Technologies:
Electricity
RES-T electricity
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

The switch to electro mobility in Austria would lead to a higher use of RES in the transport sector because electricity in Austria is mostly produced by hydropower and wind energy. In fact, 70% of the overall electricity consumption is generated by renewables as of 2019. Currently, three ministries are working together to establish e-mobility in Austria, which also leads to difficulties in coordination. Moreover, a success monitoring report is published annually. Politicians are pushing e-mobility forward through financial and tax incentives in the framework of an “e-mobility package” (€ 72 million in total) also in order to fulfil the requirements of the Directive 2014/94/EU. Still, the increase of the e-vehicle stock is lower than expected.

While in 2018 almost 21,000 purely electrically operated electric cars were on the roads of Austria, as of March 2019 there are more than 23,000 electric vehicles. In 2017, only approx. 5,500 new electric vehicles were registered in Austria. In 2018, almost 7,000 new electric cars were registered, which represents an increase of approximately 24%. However, only 3% of all new vehicle registrations are electric cars. A low variety of car models and the slow development of the charging stations have been named as main reasons. However, in January 2019, an extended support scheme for E-mobility ("Förderpaket für E-Mobilität) as well as in May 2018 launched "Zero Emission Mobility" support scheme are supposed to bring a strong upwards trend for the development of electro mobility in 2019 and should resolve infrastructural issues.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged and addressed
Sector(s): Transport
Code: ATT01
Category: Political and economic framework
Sub-Category: Reliability of RES support scheme
Affected Technologies:
Biofuels
RES-T gaseous biofuels (biomethane)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-T other biofuels
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

There is a lack of public awareness for biomethane as a carbon free fuel in Austria. Government authorities and public bodies, which have a relevant impact on policy decisions like taxation and administrative processes, consider biomethane as a fossil fuel. Also, biomethane does not have strong lobby groups supporting them as it is the case for electricity driven cars. This gap explains the unreasonable differences in the extent of the Governmental and public support. Inter alia, electronic vehicles have been recognised within the tax reform of 2018 and biomethane did not receive any preferential treatment as biofuel. In the tax reform of 2019, the Government announced that also sustainably produced biogas from renewable energy sources (RES) shall become tax-free.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged
Sector(s): Transport
Code: ATT02
Category: Other
Sub-Category: Public perception of RES
Affected Technologies:
Biofuels
RES-T gaseous biofuels (biomethane)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

Fossil fuels are supported directly and indirectly in Austria, which the general public might not be aware of. This might lead to a bias in the perception of Government support for different energy carriers caused by the distorted demonstration to the public with the result that people are not aware of the extent to which fossil fuels are actually promoted. The media are constantly discussing the question of how to promote renewables, but the promotion of fossil fuels, e.g. through tax incentives, etc. is not addressed. People therefore think that only renewables are promoted and that they are therefore economically inefficient technologies. This is why public support is lacking. As a result, the lack of support and low commitment of the Government reduce the incentives to invest in biomethane deployment.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Not acknowledged
Sector(s): Transport
Code: ATT03
Category: Other
Sub-Category: Public perception of RES
Affected Technologies:
Electricity
RES-T electricity
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

If a single resident of an apartment building decides to install a charging station, an authorisation from all parties of the building is needed. The Energy Performance of Buildings Directive ("EPBD", 2018/844) of 2018 obliges Member States to improve the regulatory framework for charging infrastructure development. In this conext, the Directive stipulates that charging infrastructure must be available at every parking space in residential housing garages. Without an adaptation of the residential property right, however, this obligation could not be fulfilled in Austria. Therefore, the Austrian Government is planning on changing the housing law and the tenancy law by the end of 2019 so that charging stations can be built without the authorisation of all parties.

 

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged and addressed
Sector(s): Transport
Code: ATT25
Category: Administrative processes
Sub-Category: Complexity of administrative procedure
Affected Technologies:
Electricity
RES-T electricity
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Hydrogen
RES-T hydrogen
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

There is a purchase grant for electric vehicles (EVs) in place, funding the purchase of an electric car with pure electric drive or a fuel cell vehicle with € 3,000, and plug-in hybrids and range extenders with a fully electric range with € 1,500. The grant is eligbile for both private customers as well as companies. However, there is still not enough taxation on combustion engine vehicles. To electrify Austria's passenger car fleet, CO2 needs to be taxed higher to create a substantial difference in price between electric and combusion engine cars. In May 2019, the Government decided on a tax reforming that increases taxes on high-emission cars and reduces taxes on low-emission cars. The tax reform is expected to enter into force in the beginning of 2020.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Not acknowledged
Sector(s): Transport
Code: ATT26
Category: Political and economic framework
Sub-Category: Access to finance
Affected Technologies:
Electricity
RES-T electricity
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Hydrogen
RES-T hydrogen
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

Driving restrictions, parking zones, usage of prioritary street lanes, etc. are all instruments of municipalities to support electro mobility or restrict the usage of combustion engine cars. Unfortunately, most municipalities are still hesitant to realise these measures. On the contrary, as examples in Norway have shown, these supports can only be temporary as the supporting effect vanishes with more widespread usage of e-mobility.

Component Authority:  Municipal Administration
Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Not acknowledged
Sector(s): Transport
Code: ATT27
Category: Political and economic framework
Sub-Category: Reliability of general RES strategy