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Electricity

Barrier index per category and technology

Heating and Cooling

Barrier index per category and technology

Transport

Barrier index per category and technology

Affected Technologies:
Wind power
RES-E onshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Solar power
RES-E PV ground-mounted
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E PV rooftop
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Hydro power
RES-E small hydro (≤ 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Biomass
RES-HC gaseous biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-HC liquid biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-HC solid biomass (waste)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-HC solid biomass (forest by-products)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

The renewable energy market has been heavily destabilised in 2013 when the issuance of GC was delayed. Additionally, in the years to follow, the mandatory acquisition of quotas was significantly decreased (11.9% in 2015 instead of 16%, 12.15% in 2016 instead of 17% and 8.3% in 2017 instead of 18%). Nevertheless, in accordance with the new law, the annual quota for GC is determined every year by the Romanian Energy Regulatory Authority taking in consideration the medium impact on consumers, which leaves some space for uncertainty regarding the GC demand in the upcoming years. For instance, according to an order issued by ANRE in April 2018, the mandatory acquisition quota of green certificates for the first 3 months of 2017 was reduced by 30%. This reduction translated into an additional excess of 1.25 million of GC related to 2017.

 

On 23 July 2018, the Emergency Ordinance No. 24/2017 was finally approved by the Law No. 184/2018 with further amendments introduced. Among the most prominent changes introduced by the new law are the following:

- a new method of calculation of the green certificate acquisition quota. According to the law’s provision, the yearly quota is established by ANRE and calculated taking into consideration the estimated final energy consumption for the upcoming year and the medium impact on consumers that should not exceed 12.5 €/MWh in 2019, 13 €/MWh in 2020 and 2021 and 14.5 €/MWh from year 2022.

- defining the term "prosumer" as the final customer who owns electrical power plants, including cogeneration, whose specific activity is not electricity production,

- introduction of a premium feed-in tariff scheme as an alternative to the green certificates support scheme. However, the new support scheme must be notified to the European Commission, which will lead to delays of around one or two years in applying this provision

- small producers that own plants up to 3 MW and benefit from GC support scheme will be able to close bilateral contracts for selling electricity as well as GCs

- allowing for the emergence of so-called “virtual plants”. More specifically, it is about the possibility of aggregation offered to small renewable producers. However, the Regulatory Authority for Energy (ANRE) will have to issue norms for this amendment within about six months.

Component Authority:  The Parliament of Romania
Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: ROE01
Category: Political and economic framework
Sub-Category: Revenue risk under given support scheme
Affected Technologies:
Wind power
RES-E onshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E offshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Solar power
RES-E PV ground-mounted
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E PV rooftop
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Hydro power
RES-E small hydro (≤ 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E large hydro (> 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Ocean energy
RES-E wave energy
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E tidal energy
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

After the support scheme for renewable energies ceased at the end of 2016, no more investments in the field were made; except for biomass, biogas and geothermal energy which benefit from a new support scheme.

Moreover, the already existing producers of renewable electricity that are under the GC scheme are struggling to obtain the benefits that they are entitled to. The first and most prominent problem faced by producers is the liquidity and degree of absorption of GC in the market that is oversaturated with more than 11 million of GC. Under these conditions, the producers are selling their GC at the minimum price stipulated by law. Some of the producers, especially the small ones, don't manage to sell any certificates at all. To address this challenge, several changes to the Emergency Ordinance 24/2017 that amends the countrys main law for renewable energies were approved.

On 23 July 2018, the Emergency Ordinance No. 24/2017 was finally approved by the Law No. 184/2018 with further amendments introduced. Among the most prominent changes introduced by the new law that will affect the RES remuneration are the following:

- a new method of calculation of the green certificate acquisition quota. According to the law’s provision, the yearly quota is established by ANRE and calculated taking into consideration the estimated final energy consumption for the upcoming year and the medium impact on consumers that should not exceed 12.5 €/MWh in 2019, 13 €/MWh in 2020 and 2021 and 14.5 €/MWh from year 2022.

- introduction of a premium feed-in tariff scheme as an alternative to the green certificates support scheme. However, the new support scheme must be notified to the European Commission, which will lead to delays of around one or two years in applying this provision

- small producers that own plants up to 3 MW and benefit from GC support scheme will be able to close bilateral contracts for selling electricity as well as GCs

- allowing for the emergence of so-called “virtual plants”. More specifically, it is about the possibility of aggregation offered to small renewable producers. However, the Regulatory Authority for Energy (ANRE) will have to issue norms for this amendment.

While the above-mentioned normative act is meant to improve the conditions of RE producers under the current support scheme, other normative acts that are issued are destabilising the situation and push the producers close to the bankruptcy line. Such an example is the Emergency Ordinance No. 114/2018 that amends the Fiscal Code to increase the tax on revenue for energy producers from 0.1% to 2%.

 

 

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged and addressed
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: ROE03
Category: Political and economic framework
Sub-Category: Remuneration level for RES
Affected Technologies:
Solar power
RES-E PV ground-mounted
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E PV rooftop
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Hydro power
RES-E small hydro (≤ 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

Currently, Romania lacks a comprehensive regulatory framework for the support of SMEs for the electricity production from renewable sources. Many efforts have been made to support small producers, such as the possibility of closing PPAs outside Romanian's gas and electricity market operator (OPCOM) through law 122/2015 or the elimination of other administrative barriers. Moreover, the same law foresees the introduction of a feed-in tariff for small producers (< 1 MW). Nevertheless, in order for that stipulation of the law to become active a methodology needed to be drafted by the Energy Regulatory Authority (ANRE) and then submitted for approval by the Ministry. While the ANRE has sent the draft methodology to the Ministry in 2015, no concrete measures were taken since then.

In July 2018, the Government has promulgated the Law No. 184/2018 for the approval of Emergency Ordinance No. 24/2017, which completes the country’s main law for renewable energies, Law No. 220/2008. According to the amendments brought by the new law, small producers that own plants up to 3 MW and benefit from GC support scheme will be able to close bilateral contracts for selling electricity as well as green certificates. The new law also plans to introduce a new premium feed in tariff scheme as an alternative to the existing GCs scheme. However, the new support scheme must be notified to the European Commission, which will lead to delays of around one or two years in applying this provision.

Additionally, in April 2017, the government approved a new support scheme to encourage energy production from biomass, biogas and geothermal energy. As the projects from above mentioned resources are normally small (<1.5 MW), SMEs are most likely to benefit from this support scheme. The small producers benefiting from the new support scheme are allowed to close PPA contracts outside the OPCOM (plants smaller than 3 MW).

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged and addressed
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: ROE05
Category: Political and economic framework
Sub-Category: Existence of RES support scheme
Affected Technologies:
Wind power
RES-E onshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E offshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Solar power
RES-E PV ground-mounted
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E PV rooftop
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Hydro power
RES-E small hydro (≤ 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E large hydro (> 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Biomass
RES-E gaseous biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E liquid biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E solid biomass (waste)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E solid biomass (forest by-products)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Geothermal energy
RES-E geothermal energy
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

The distribution grid of low, medium and high voltage (up to 110kV) including transformer stations and substations are in bad condition. To a lesser extent, this also applies to the transmission grid. At the end of 2017, the national grid operator Transelectrica was sanctioned by ANRE for failing to carry out the investments included in its management plan for 2014-2017, which put the national energy system at risk. In March 2018, a new investment program for 2018-2020 was approved. According to the new program, the TSO should invest € 365 million for the modernisation of the grid as well as for further development in order to increase the interconnection rate with neighbouring countries and to allow the integration of new power plants into the grid.

 

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged and addressed
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: ROE06
Category: Grid regulation and infrastructure
Sub-Category: Transparent and foreseeable grid development
Affected Technologies:
Wind power
RES-E onshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E offshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Solar power
RES-E PV ground-mounted
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E PV rooftop
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Hydro power
RES-E small hydro (≤ 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E large hydro (> 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Biomass
RES-E gaseous biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E liquid biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E solid biomass (waste)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E solid biomass (forest by-products)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Geothermal energy
RES-E geothermal energy
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

While some of the RES associations in Romania argue that social perception of RES technologies is not a strong barrier in Romania, a strong media campaign against these technologies is being led. The media campaign was led by large industrial consumers and by well-established coal producers. Their major claims are that RES investors are usually foreigners buying instead of renting parcels and many fear that too much land with a nationally strategic importance is being given away. At the same time, the coal sector presenting pressing social problems is claiming that RES technologies are not producing enough working places, if producing any at all. Additionally, the costs of the green certificates support scheme are borne by the consumers through the electricity price. As the electricity prices followed an upward trend in the last years, for various reasons, often it is the renewables that are to blame for in consumers eyes.

Component Authority:  Romanian Government
Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: ROE07
Category: Other
Sub-Category: Public perception of RES
Affected Technologies:
Wind power
RES-E onshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

According to Decision no. 5/2014 of the Central Fiscal Commission, approved by an order of the Ministry of Finance, the supporting towers of wind turbines were classified as buildings and are subjected to tax for construction. The local council had to decide on the tax, which can vary between 0,25% and 1%. This decision raised many questions and indignation from the producers’ side, especially because the wind turbines were already subjected to taxes under the “special constructions” category at that time (the tax for “special constructions” was abolished from 1 January 2017). In 2017, the Finance Ministry was taken to court by three wind energy companies that appealed the Decision no. 5/2014 of the Central Fiscal Commission. The Court of Appeal has ruled that the wind towers do not fall under the "building" definition but are classified instead as "complex technological equipment". As a result of the Court of Appeal’s decision, the tax for the wind towers was eliminated.

However, the owners of the wind turbines did not enjoy a tax exemption for very long because in December 2018, the Fiscal Code was amended again by the Law No. 285/2018. The new amendment introduced a new definition for the building which explicitly states that wind support towers are classified as buildings and thus they are subject to the respective tax for buildings, for which the rate is however lower as before.

Component Authority:  Ministry of Finance
Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: ROE08
Category: Other
Sub-Category: Taxing regime
Affected Technologies:
Wind power
RES-E onshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E offshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Solar power
RES-E PV ground-mounted
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E PV rooftop
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Hydro power
RES-E small hydro (≤ 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E large hydro (> 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Biomass
RES-E gaseous biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E liquid biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E solid biomass (waste)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E solid biomass (forest by-products)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Geothermal energy
RES-E geothermal energy
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

The Romanian government usually relies on emitting emergency ordinances in order to amend the current legislation. Afterwards, these emergency ordinances need to be approved by the Parliament and are usually undergoing further amendments. This practice increases legal instability and unpredictability.

Component Authority:  Romanian Government
Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged and addressed
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: ROE09
Category: Political and economic framework
Sub-Category: Reliability of general RES strategy
Affected Technologies:
Wind power
RES-E onshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Solar power
RES-E PV ground-mounted
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E PV rooftop
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Hydro power
RES-E small hydro (≤ 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

After several amendments to the main law for Renewable Energy, a share of the total number of Green Certificates issued for hydro-electric plants with a capacity below 10 MW, wind plants and PV plants accredited before 2014 was suspended from July 2013 to March 2017; whereas for the plants accredited after 2014, the total number of CV was permanently reduced.

Furthermore, for solar energy installations, the issuance of a share of the total number of GC was further suspended from 1 April 2017 until 31 December 2020 according to the amendments brought by the Law No. 184/2018. The issuance of the suspended Green Certificates will start from 1 January 2018 for hydro power and wind energy in equal monthly instalments until 31 December 2025. For solar energy installations, the issuance of the suspended Green Certificates will start from 1 January 2021 until 31 December 2030.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged and addressed
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: ROE10
Category: Political and economic framework
Sub-Category: Reliability of RES support scheme
Affected Technologies:
Solar power
RES-E PV ground-mounted
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

As a result of the various legal amendments in the RES-E sector in 2013, Emergency Ordinance No. 57/2013 stipulated that ground-mounted PV installations may no longer be subject to the Green Certificate Scheme in case they are installed on areas that were still defined as agricultural land on 1 July 2013. This caused a lot of agitation on the PV market as project developers were eager to accelerate the reclassification of agricultural land in order to avoid exclusion from the Green Certificates Scheme. On 29 June 2013, Emergency Ordinance No. 79/2013 was published, postponing the deadline for the reclassification of agricultural land until 31 December 2013. Otherwise, by 1 July 2013 actually all ground-mounted PV installations would have been excluded from the Green Certificates Scheme. However, agricultural land still needs to be reclassified when PV-installations are erected.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged and addressed
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: ROE11
Category: Political and economic framework
Sub-Category: Reliability of general RES strategy
Affected Technologies:
Wind power
RES-E onshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E offshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Solar power
RES-E PV ground-mounted
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E PV rooftop
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Hydro power
RES-E small hydro (≤ 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E large hydro (> 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Ocean energy
RES-E wave energy
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E tidal energy
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Biomass
RES-E gaseous biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E liquid biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E solid biomass (waste)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E solid biomass (forest by-products)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Geothermal energy
RES-E geothermal energy
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

The energy competition has been very fierce in Romania, often detrimental to the renewable energy sector. While, prior to 2014, shale gas has been quite popular, with the market exit of Chevron, this type of exploitation planning also stopped. Another source of competition for renewable energy is nuclear power. Besides the Cernavoda nuclear power plant with its two 700 MW reactors, the government is planning the construction of two new reactors. The power plant already contributes to the production of electricity in Romania with approx. 18%. The construction of two additional reactors would increase the share of nuclear power significantly hindering the development of renewable energy sources. While a Memorandum of Understanding has been already signed with the Chinese partner regarding the two additional reactors, further details regarding the content of the final agreement remain unknown.

Nevertheless, as the technology prices go down, renewable energy becomes more and more competitive with the conventional fuel.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged and addressed
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: ROE12
Category: Political and economic framework
Sub-Category: Existence of general RES strategy
Affected Technologies:
Wind power
RES-E onshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E offshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Solar power
RES-E PV ground-mounted
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E PV rooftop
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Hydro power
RES-E small hydro (≤ 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E large hydro (> 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Ocean energy
RES-E wave energy
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E tidal energy
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Biomass
RES-E gaseous biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E liquid biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E solid biomass (waste)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E solid biomass (forest by-products)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Geothermal energy
RES-E geothermal energy
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

Access to finance is very difficult in Romania mainly because there is no support scheme for RES. Although some technologies are mature enough to compete with conventional energy sources, the lack of revenue predictibility makes it very difficult to prove to the banks the finantial feasability of the project. Additionally, the frequent amendments to the core law in the past years have destabilised the market. Many investors have decided to withdraw from the market or have to call bankruptcy. In many cases the already awarded loans have to be restructured and stretched over a longer period of time. According to the wind sector, many investments would be amortised in 30 years, while the life expectancy of an installation is of 20 years. Under these conditions, bank loans are only seldom awarded.

Component Authority:  Ministry of Finance
Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged and addressed
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: ROE13
Category: Political and economic framework
Sub-Category: Access to finance
Affected Technologies:
Wind power
RES-E onshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Solar power
RES-E PV ground-mounted
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E PV rooftop
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Hydro power
RES-E small hydro (≤ 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E large hydro (> 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Biomass
RES-E gaseous biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E liquid biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E solid biomass (waste)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E solid biomass (forest by-products)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Geothermal energy
RES-E geothermal energy
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

The oversaturation of the GCs market has been a serious problem in Romania in the last 5 years. As a result, the degree of absorption of GCs is very low and thus they are sold at the minimum price stipulated by law. In an attempt to solve this problem, in April 2017 the government has approved a new Emergency Ordinance No.24/2017 with amendments to the country’s main renewable energy law 220/2008. The main adopted measures include the validity extension of the GC until 2032 (the time span of GC used to be 12 months). As a result, the previously existing problem, under which providers were not able to sell their GC during the validity time has been solved. Additionally, the price range at which the green certificates could be sold was lowered from floor € 27 -cap € 57 to floor € 29.4 -cap € 35.

The method for calculating the green certificate acquisition quota was also amended several times with the aim of increasing the GC liquidity while maintaining a moderate impact on the consumers’ bill. The new Law No. 184/2018 for the approval of Emergency Ordinance No. 24/2017 introduced a new method for calculating the green certificate acquisition quota. According to the law’s provision, the yearly quota is established by ANRE and calculated taking into consideration the estimated final energy consumption for the upcoming year and the medium impact on consumers that should not exceed € 12.5 /MWh in 2019, € 13 /MWh in 2020 and 2021 and € 14.5/MWh from year 2022.

 

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged and addressed
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: ROE14
Category: Political and economic framework
Sub-Category: Reliability of general RES strategy
Affected Technologies:
Wind power
RES-E onshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Solar power
RES-E PV ground-mounted
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Hydro power
RES-E small hydro (≤ 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E large hydro (> 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

The support scheme established by law 220/2008 ceased on the 31 December 2016. In April 2017, the government approved a new state aid scheme to promote energy production from less exploited renewable sources, namely biomass, biogas and geothermal energy. Additionally, the Administration of the Environmental Fund is planning to launch a support scheme in form of grants for small PV systems for self consumtion. Other than this, new installations for wind, solar and hydro energy are no longer eligible for the support scheme. The main argument behind this decision is the impact of the renewables on the increase of electricity prices. According to the Romania’s new Energy Strategy 2019-2030, the country could attract new investments into renewables from 2020 without any support schemes, once the technology costs go down. For now, Romania has already reached its RES-E 2020 target.

Component Authority:  Ministry of Energy
Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged and addressed
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: ROE15
Category: Political and economic framework
Sub-Category: Reliability of general RES strategy
Affected Technologies:
Wind power
RES-E onshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E offshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Solar power
RES-E PV ground-mounted
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E PV rooftop
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Hydro power
RES-E small hydro (≤ 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E large hydro (> 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Biomass
RES-E gaseous biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E liquid biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E solid biomass (waste)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E solid biomass (forest by-products)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Geothermal energy
RES-E geothermal energy
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

Current legislation allows the grid operator to refuse plant operators to connect to the nearest grid connection point to their power plant in order to maintain the security of the national grid. When more distant grid connection points are suggested by the grid operators, the costs for grid expansion from the power plant to the grid connection point are assigned to the plant operator. Furthermore, for several projects in the Dobrogea Region the technical authorisations for grid connection do not clearly define the cost distribution between plant operators and grid operators in case that grid reinforcement is necessary. The exact amount that plant operators have to pay depends on the number of RES-E producers connected to the same network in the same region. Costs for the necessary grid reinforcement will be split among all producers in the respective region. Depending on the location of the plant, these costs can constitute a significant proportion of the initial investment (approximatelly 10%). Under these circumstances, even if the technology price goes down in the near future, the project might still not be profitable given the high grid connection costs.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged and addressed
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: ROE18
Category: Grid regulation and infrastructure
Sub-Category: Cost of RES grid access
Affected Technologies:
Wind power
RES-E onshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E offshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Solar power
RES-E PV ground-mounted
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E PV rooftop
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Hydro power
RES-E small hydro (≤ 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E large hydro (> 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Biomass
RES-E gaseous biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E liquid biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E solid biomass (waste)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E solid biomass (forest by-products)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Geothermal energy
RES-E geothermal energy
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

Although the main law for renewable energies has been published in 2008, the administrative procedures for obtaining all necessary environmental authorisations and construction licenses remain inconsistent and vary significantly between different regions and the different public authorities in charge. The number of necessary permits as well as documents and applications to be submitted differ notably and varying time limits within the approval procedures are applied. Furthermore, the number of necessary permit and licenses is very high. The very complex and scattered statutory provisions applying to the authorisation of RES-E plants are the main reason for these procedural inconsistencies. Partly, even the competent authorities are unaware of the permits and authorisations legally prescribed.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged and addressed
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: ROE19
Category: Administrative processes
Sub-Category: Complexity of administrative procedure
Affected Technologies:
Wind power
RES-E onshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E offshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Solar power
RES-E PV ground-mounted
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E PV rooftop
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Hydro power
RES-E small hydro (≤ 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E large hydro (> 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Biomass
RES-E gaseous biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E liquid biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E solid biomass (waste)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E solid biomass (forest by-products)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Geothermal energy
RES-E geothermal energy
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

The complexity and inconsistence of the administrative procedure also lengthen the administrative procedures in general and increase the capital expenditure of the projects. While these procedures take longer than in many other European Member States, there have been also many efforts towards improving them. One suggestion made by the Foreign Investors Council (FIC) was to establish a single point of contact (one-stop-shop) for RE project development and also to establish a maximum time limit for procedures. So far, no concrete actions were taken. On the other hand, there is no motivation to ease the administrative procedures, mainly because the development of large scale projects has stagnated after the support scheme ceased in 2017.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged and addressed
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: ROE20
Category: Administrative processes
Sub-Category: Duration of administrative procedure
Affected Technologies:
Wind power
RES-E onshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Hydro power
RES-E small hydro (≤ 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

Public participation in the planning and realisation process of RES-E plants and small hydro and wind power plants in particular, is not well implemented. Instead, local communities are often faced with a fait accompli when the plants’ construction begins, even though in case of wind power plants public participation is legally stipulated. Furthermore, communication between public authorities is also deficient.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged and addressed
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: ROE21
Category: Other
Sub-Category: Information exchange / communication between relevant stakeholders
Affected Technologies:
Hydro power
RES-E small hydro (≤ 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

Many small hydro power projects have been realised over the last years without taking into account their environmental impact. Small hydropower plants were even built on very small rivers and in protected natural areas without the necessary licenses and authorisations. In many cases, the necessary licenses and authorisations were obtained after the plants were built. Furthermore, adjoining municipalities and local residents were neither engaged during the planning phase of these power plants nor during their realisation. As a result, environmental organisations turned against small hydro power plants. Nevertheless, the Romanian Government takes into account building several small hydro plants all over the country as a replacement of one of the biggest hydro power plants scheduled for the near future in Romania, Tranita-Lapustesti.

Component Authority:  Ministry of Energy
Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged and addressed
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: ROE22
Category: Other
Sub-Category: Public perception of RES
Affected Technologies:
Wind power
RES-E onshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E offshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Solar power
RES-E PV ground-mounted
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E PV rooftop
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Hydro power
RES-E small hydro (≤ 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E large hydro (> 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Biomass
RES-E gaseous biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E liquid biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E solid biomass (waste)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E solid biomass (forest by-products)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Geothermal energy
RES-E geothermal energy
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

According to the provision of the Law No. 184/2018, which completes the country’s main law for renewable energies, small producers that own plants up to 3 MW and benefit from GC support scheme will be able to close bilateral contracts for selling electricity as well as green certificates. The PPA are not allowed for plants above 3 MW.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged and addressed
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: ROE25
Category: Market structure
Sub-Category: Availability of reliable long term contracts (PPA)
Affected Technologies:
Wind power
RES-E onshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Solar power
RES-E PV ground-mounted
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Hydro power
RES-E large hydro (> 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

After the green certificates support scheme for renewable energies ceased at the end of 2016, the investment into big scale renewable projects (solar, wind onshore and large scale hydro) has stopped. In the absence of any undergoing projects, it is difficult to asses the barriers that would hinder their development.

Component Authority:  Ministry of Energy
Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Not acknowledged
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: ROE27
Category: Political and economic framework
Sub-Category: Existence of RES support scheme
Affected Technologies:
Wind power
RES-E onshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Solar power
RES-E PV ground-mounted
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E PV rooftop
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Hydro power
RES-E small hydro (≤ 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E large hydro (> 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

According to the president of the Employers' Organisation of Renewable Energy Sources in Romania (PATRES) Mr. Viorel Lefter, the producers of renewable energy are discriminated against coal energy producers. This is because, according to Mr. Lefter, the coal energy producers benefit from more governmental support as opposed to renewable energy producers.

According to the Ministry of Finance, between 2014 and 2017 the renewable energy producers lost between 1.5 billion and 2 billion RON (€ 315 - 420 million) annually. On the one hand, their loss comes from the situation related to the green certificates market which is oversaturated with more than 14 million certificates. On the other hand, they lost money because of the instability related to the support scheme. Just to put it into perspective, the main Law for renewable energies was amended approximately 20 times since it came into force.

Another very prominent example of discrimination is the approval of the Emergency Ordinance 114/2018 which enforces a 2% tax on turnover on energy companies (including RE producers). Previously, this tax constituted 0.1% and thus the introduced tax is 20 times higher. The coal industry, however, is exempt from this tax. Moreover, the coal industry is exempt from buying Green Certificates for the energy used in own technological consumption, including the energy used for exploiting coal.

Component Authority:  Government
Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: ROE28
Category: Political and economic framework
Sub-Category: Revenue risk under given support scheme
Affected Technologies:
Wind power
RES-E onshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Solar power
RES-E PV ground-mounted
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E PV rooftop
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Hydro power
RES-E small hydro (≤ 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E large hydro (> 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Biomass
RES-E gaseous biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E liquid biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E solid biomass (waste)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E solid biomass (forest by-products)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

The fiscal code of Romania is unstable and often subject to amendments that negatively impact the renewable energy producers.

One relevant example is the approval of the Law No. 285/2018 in December 2018 which modifies the definition of "building" to include the pillars of the wind turbine. As a result of this amendment, the wind towers will be subject to a tax ranging from 0.2 % to 1.3%.

Another amendment of the fiscal code that will affect the income of the energy producers, including the renewable energy ones, is the approval of the Emergency Ordinance No. 114/2018 that, among others, increases the tax on revenues from ANRE licensed activities from 0.1% to 2%. This tax increase is unfounded and can result in bankruptcy of small companies for which 2% is detrimental.

Component Authority:  Ministry of Finance
Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: ROE29
Category: Political and economic framework
Sub-Category: Revenue risk under given support scheme
Affected Technologies:
Wind power
RES-E onshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E offshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Solar power
RES-E PV ground-mounted
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E PV rooftop
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Hydro power
RES-E small hydro (≤ 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E large hydro (> 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Biomass
RES-E gaseous biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E liquid biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E solid biomass (waste)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E solid biomass (forest by-products)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-HC gaseous biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-HC liquid biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-HC solid biomass (waste)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-HC solid biomass (forest by-products)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Biofuels
RES-T gaseous biofuels (biomethane)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-T gaseous biofuels (bio-CNG)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-T liquid biofuels (biodiesel)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-T liquid biofuels (bioethanol)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-T liquid biofuels (bio-LNG)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-T other biofuels
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Geothermal energy
RES-HC deep geothermal
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-HC shallow geothermal (heat pumps)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E geothermal energy
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Electricity
RES-T electricity
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Hydrogen
RES-T hydrogen
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Solarthermal energy
RES-HC solarthermal energy
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

In 2018, the Romanian Government has published two strategic documents that outline the country's future plans regarding the renewable energy development and carbon emission reduction for the next decades. The first document is Energy Strategy for 2019-2030 with an outlook to 2050 and the second document is the first draft of the Romanian National Energy-Climate Plan 2021-2030. One thing that immediately stands out from these two documents is that Romania proposes a RE target for 2030 of only 27.9%. The country's potential for sustainable RE development is far greater than this. Moreover, the 27.9% is far below the EU target for 2030 of 32%.

This envisaged target could be achieved without any significant efforts and without any additional support schemes.

Component Authority:  Government
Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged
Sector(s): Transport
Code: ROEHCT01
Category: Political and economic framework
Sub-Category: Existence of general RES strategy
Affected Technologies:
Geothermal energy
RES-HC deep geothermal
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-HC shallow geothermal (heat pumps)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Solarthermal energy
RES-HC solarthermal energy
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Biomass
RES-HC gaseous biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-HC liquid biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-HC solid biomass (waste)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-HC solid biomass (forest by-products)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

The "Casa Verde" subsidy programme administered by the Administration of the Environmental Fund is supposed to be launched yearly. However, after the first two calls for projects in 2010 and 2011, the next call followed only in October 2016. The budget for the last call in 2016 was set at 80 million RON (approx. € 16,7 million) for physical persons and 34 million RON (approx. € 7,1 million) for juridical persons. This budget, however, does not suffice to fund all the applications, especially in 'juridical persons' category where the requested budget is four times higher than the allocated one. Additionally, the selection process is a very lengthy one.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged and addressed
Sector(s): Heating and Cooling
Code: ROHC01
Category: Political and economic framework
Sub-Category: Existence of RES support scheme
Affected Technologies:
Geothermal energy
RES-HC deep geothermal
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-HC shallow geothermal (heat pumps)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Solarthermal energy
RES-HC solarthermal energy
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Biomass
RES-HC gaseous biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-HC liquid biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-HC solid biomass (waste)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-HC solid biomass (forest by-products)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

The district heat network is poorly maintained and is characterised by high energy losses. The existing incentives for developing the district heat infrastructure are not sufficient, but some positive steps have been taken. The subsidy programme “District Heating, Heat and Comfort 2006-2015" has been extended until 2020. The programme provides co-financing from the state budget to the local level for investments in the district heating infrastructure.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged and addressed
Sector(s): Heating and Cooling
Code: ROHC02
Category: Grid regulation and infrastructure
Sub-Category: Lack of infrastructure and infrastructure development
Affected Technologies:
Biomass
RES-HC gaseous biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-HC solid biomass (waste)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

There are no adequate training programmes for RES-H&C installations. Thus, qualified installers and craftsman for biogas power plants, especially those operated on the basis of residual waste, are missing.

Component Authority:  National Adult Training Board
Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged and addressed
Sector(s): Heating and Cooling
Code: ROHC04
Category: Other
Sub-Category: Training
Affected Technologies:
Geothermal energy
RES-HC deep geothermal
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-HC shallow geothermal (heat pumps)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Solarthermal energy
RES-HC solarthermal energy
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Biomass
RES-HC gaseous biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-HC liquid biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-HC solid biomass (waste)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-HC solid biomass (forest by-products)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

Romania does not have binding quotas for the use of RES-H&C in new and already existing buildings. Law No. 372/2005 does however formulate a recommendation for major renovations or new building projects with a surface bigger than 1000 m2, to use RES for the decentralised energy supply. The later amendments of the law from 2016 introduced minimum energy performance requirements taking in consideration the building’s location and other criteria.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged
Sector(s): Heating and Cooling
Code: ROHC05
Category: Political and economic framework
Sub-Category: Existence of general RES strategy
Affected Technologies:
Biomass
RES-HC gaseous biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-HC solid biomass (waste)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

In April 2017, the government approved a new support scheme to promote energy production from less exploited renewable sources, namely biomass, biogas and geothermal energy. The support scheme aims to increase the electricity and thermal energy production from these sources by 60MW until 2023. Additionally, small loans are available under sub-measures of the national Rural Development Programme for the energy production for own consumption. However, considering that the country's potential for biogas is very high, more can be done to stimulate the deployment of this resource.

Component Authority:  Ministry of Energy
Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged and addressed
Sector(s): Heating and Cooling
Code: ROHC06
Category: Political and economic framework
Sub-Category: Existence of RES support scheme
Affected Technologies:
Geothermal energy
RES-HC deep geothermal
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-HC shallow geothermal (heat pumps)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Biomass
RES-HC gaseous biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-HC solid biomass (forest by-products)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

Romania does not have a long-term strategy for the deployment of renewables. The green certificates support scheme ceased in 2016. The government approved a new support scheme for biomass, biogas and geothermal energy which should increase the production of electricity and thermal heat from these sources by 60MW. Other programmes for encouraging the development of cogeneration or thermal technologies from renewables are available; however most of them end in 2020. Additionally, there is no predictability of the programmes’ run and budget availability for the next year (ex. the “Casa Verde” programme which was postponed for 5 years until a new call for projects was launched in 2016). Taking in consideration that the available resources in Romania are extensive (especially for biomass), these measures do not suffice to ensure a lasting development. The current Energy Strategy for 2019-2030, finalised in November 2018, does not foresee any future support schemes for RE.

 

Component Authority:  Ministry of Finance
Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged
Sector(s): Heating and Cooling
Code: ROHC07
Category: Political and economic framework
Sub-Category: Existence of general RES strategy
Affected Technologies:
Biomass
RES-HC gaseous biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-HC solid biomass (waste)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

Around 600,000 ha of agricultural land are uncultivated in Romania. This unused arable land could be redirected towards the use for energy crops. This situation is very uncommon for other European countries, where the increasing usage of energy crops as feedstocks for the production of biogas and other biofuels has led to an extensive land use change and partially land degradation. However, in Romania this risk is still minimal under current conditions, and thus a better utilisation of unused arable land could arise as an important driver for the production of RES-H&C.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged
Sector(s): Heating and Cooling
Code: ROHC08
Category: Political and economic framework
Sub-Category: Existence of general RES strategy
Affected Technologies:
Solarthermal energy
RES-HC solarthermal energy
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Biomass
RES-HC solid biomass (waste)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-HC solid biomass (forest by-products)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

Romania had announced that it surpassed by far its 2020 targets regarding the share of RES in the gross final energy consumption. While it is very transparent how the share of the RES produced in the electricity sector and transportation are retrieved, the same is not true for the heating and cooling sector. It is very hard to monitor all village households without access to the district heating grid, which are dependent on heating through own efforts. Most problematic is that heating through burning of wood is regarded as production of energy from renewable sources. This not so environmental friendly definition of biomass has been narrowed down for the electricity sector, where wood does no longer qualify as biomass.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Not acknowledged
Sector(s): Heating and Cooling
Code: ROHC09
Category: Other
Sub-Category: Statistics
Affected Technologies:
Biofuels
RES-T gaseous biofuels (biomethane)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-T gaseous biofuels (bio-CNG)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-T liquid biofuels (biodiesel)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-T liquid biofuels (bioethanol)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-T liquid biofuels (bio-LNG)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-T other biofuels
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Electricity
RES-T electricity
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Hydrogen
RES-T hydrogen
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

The support schemes for liquid biofuels are not sufficient for a significant development in Romania’s biofuel market. Without any incentives, the biofuel production is only profitable if done on a big scale. As a result, in Romania there are only two big companies that produce biodiesel and only one that produces bioethanol. Another big scale bioethanol plant is currently being constructed.

Component Authority:  Ministry of Energy
Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged and addressed
Sector(s): Transport
Code: ROT01
Category: Political and economic framework
Sub-Category: Existence of RES support scheme
Affected Technologies:
Biofuels
RES-T liquid biofuels (biodiesel)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-T liquid biofuels (bioethanol)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

Grid access of biofuels is inhibited by grid operators, since incentives for grid operators for injecting biofuels into the grid are missing.

Generally, there is no grid for biofuels. The grid term is only applicable for biogas.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged and addressed
Sector(s): Transport
Code: ROT02
Category: Grid regulation and infrastructure
Sub-Category: RES grid access regime
Affected Technologies:
Biofuels
RES-T liquid biofuels (biodiesel)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

The country’s biodiesel blending mandate of 6.5 % is produced by mainly two companies from Romania which are controlling the entire process chain, from vegetable oil acquisition to processing it into biodiesel. The two companies supply approximatelly 95% of the total country's biodiesel demand. Because the entire infrastructure for processing vegetable oil belongs to those companies, it is difficult for new companies to enter the market.

 

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged and addressed
Sector(s): Transport
Code: ROT03
Category: Grid regulation and infrastructure
Sub-Category: Lack of infrastructure and infrastructure development
Affected Technologies:
Biofuels
RES-T liquid biofuels (biodiesel)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-T liquid biofuels (bioethanol)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

The fiscal code requires biofuel producers to pay a prepaid tax indifferent from the amount of biofuels produced or marketed. This reduced the number of biofuel producers and retailers in Romania.

Component Authority:  Ministry of Finance
Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged and addressed
Sector(s): Transport
Code: ROT05
Category: Other
Sub-Category: Taxing regime
Affected Technologies:
Biofuels
RES-T gaseous biofuels (biomethane)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

The biogas and including the whole biomass sector are underdeveloped in Romania. Under the old support scheme for RES, as well as under the current support scheme for less exploited energy sources, biogas was only used for production of electricity and thermal energy. The production of biomethane for grid injection is not a very known option in Romania, and there are no technical norms for biomethane.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged
Sector(s): Transport
Code: ROT06
Category: Other
Sub-Category: Certification
Affected Technologies:
Biofuels
RES-T gaseous biofuels (biomethane)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

There are no financial support measures for biomethane in Romania, neither in form of a support scheme nor as a tax exemption. According to the new Energy Strategy for 2019-2030, the biogas use will increase fast until 2030 mainly because of the agricultural sector development. The strategy, however, does not mention any potential support schemes or incentives for biogas.

Component Authority:  Ministry of Energy
Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged
Sector(s): Transport
Code: ROT07
Category: Political and economic framework
Sub-Category: Existence of RES support scheme
Affected Technologies:
Biofuels
RES-T gaseous biofuels (biomethane)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

Currently, Romania only subsidises the use of biogas for electricity and thermal heat production. The country’s biomass and biogas potential is huge, and the first step towards its valorification is encouraging a more sustainable use of it through cogeneration. The injection of biogas into the gas grid is expensive and requires high investments for grid development and biogas upgrading to meet the gas grid requirements. The lack of any support scheme and legislative regulations hinders its development.

Component Authority:  Ministry of Energy
Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged
Sector(s): Transport
Code: ROT08
Category: Grid regulation and infrastructure
Sub-Category: Lack of infrastructure and infrastructure development
Affected Technologies:
Biofuels
RES-T liquid biofuels (bio-LNG)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-T other biofuels
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

The number of GPL stations in Romania is around 1.150, but there are only 3 CNG stations. However, in the next 2 years Romania will set up a network of 9 CNG fuelling stations. The work will be carried out in the framework of “CNG Romania: Initial Market Deployment of a Refuelling Station Network along the Core Network Corridors” project with a total estimated cost of € 5.21 million.

Component Authority:  Ministry of Transport
Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged and addressed
Sector(s): Transport
Code: ROT09
Category: Grid regulation and infrastructure
Sub-Category: Lack of infrastructure and infrastructure development
Affected Technologies:
Electricity
RES-T electricity
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

Romania has started in 2016 an ambitious subsidy programme for e-cars. The first positive results could be seen in the rising number of new e-cars purchased throughout 2016, which more than doubled compared to 2015. However, the infrastructure for e-cars is not enough developed yet, which constitutes a big impediment for a sustainable growth of the RES-T sector. Nevertheless, several ambitious projects to develop the charging infrastructure were launched that are expected to eliminate this barrier once finalised.

In September 2016, the Environment Fund Administration (EFA) launched a first edition of the programme “Infrastructure for green supply”, which aims at financing about 6,000 charging points for e-cars until 2020. The approx. EUR 15 million allocated until 2020 can be accessed by judicial persons such as municipalities with more than 50,000 inhabitants, other public institutions and economic agents with direct access to high-ways or European and national roads. The budget for 2016 was set at 70 million RON (15 million RON), which is expected to cover 420 normal charging and 420 rapid charging stations.

Two years later, in September 2018, EFA has launched a new program to support the development of charging infrastructure, namely the “Development of the charging infrastructure for electrical cars in municipalities” program. Only territorial administrative entities (counties) are eligible to apply for the program and the required amount to be financed should not exceed 90% from the total eligible costs of the project. Moreover, the maximum amount which can be requested by each county is established by EFA and the sum is proportional to the county’s population. However, the EFA has also established a maximum amount that can be requested for a single charging station, and it should not exceed 190,00 RON (approx. € 40,000).

Additionally, 40 new charging stations will be installed in Romania by the Hungarian oil group Mol and German utilities group E.ON. The two groups are part of the NEXT-E international consortium, which aims to install 252 fast charging stations for electric cars in six countries in the region, namely Czech Republic, Slovakia, Slovenia, Croatia, Hungary, and Romania. As of May 2019, 7 out of the 40 charging stations were already constructed.

 

Component Authority:  Ministry of Transport
Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged and addressed
Sector(s): Transport
Code: ROT10
Category: Grid regulation and infrastructure
Sub-Category: Lack of infrastructure and infrastructure development